Download E-books Making Things Happen: A Theory of Causal Explanation (Oxford Studies in the Philosophy of Science) PDF

By James Woodward

In Making issues Happen, James Woodward develops a brand new and impressive entire conception of causation and clarification that pulls on literature from quite a few disciplines and which applies to a wide selection of claims in technological know-how and way of life. His conception is a manipulationist account, featuring that causal and explanatory relationships are relationships which are most likely exploitable for reasons of manipulation and regulate. This account has its roots within the common-sense concept that motives are capability for bringing approximately results; however it additionally attracts on a protracted culture of labor in experimental layout, econometrics, and statistics.

Woodward exhibits how those principles could be generalized to different components of technology from the social medical and biomedical contexts for which they have been initially designed. He additionally offers philosophical foundations for the manipulationist process, drawing out its implications, evaluating it with replacement ways, and protecting it from universal criticisms. In doing so, he indicates how the manipulationist account either illuminates very important positive factors of profitable causal clarification within the normal and social sciences, and avoids the counterexamples and problems that infect substitute methods, from the deductive-nomological version onwards.

Making issues Happen will curiosity philosophers operating within the philosophy of technology, the philosophy of social technological know-how, and metaphysics, and in addition to someone drawn to causation, rationalization, and medical technique.

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Download E-books Perpetual Motion PDF

By Arthur W. J. G. Ord-Hume

An illustrated review of perpetualmotion machines and their inventors. The deceptively walk in the park of constructing a mechanism which might flip ceaselessly has involved many well-known males and physicists during the centuries. in truth, the elemental tenets of engineering grew from the mess ups of those perpetual movement desktop designers. And, regardless of the naivete or even the blatant trickery of many inventors, there nonetheless exist a handful of mechanisms which defy clarification: * an enormous canvascovered wheel which grew to become on its own was once erected within the Tower of London * one other wheel became perpetually in Germany and used to be mentioned by way of philosophers and scientists all through Europe, together with Sir Isaac Newton

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Download E-books The Historiography of the Chemical Revolution: Patterns of Interpretation in the History of Science PDF

This research deals a serious survey of prior and current interpretations of the Chemical Revolution designed to lend readability and course to the present ferment of perspectives.

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Download E-books The Philosophy of Physics PDF

Does the longer term already exist? what's area? Are time machines bodily attainable? what's quantum mechanical truth like? Are there many universes? Is there a ‘true’ geometry of the universe? Why does there seem to be an arrow of time? Do people play a distinct position on the earth?

In this special introductory booklet, Dean Rickles courses the reader via those and different center questions that hold philosophers of physics up at evening. He discusses the 3 pillars of recent physics (quantum mechanics, statistical mechanics, and the theories of relativity), as well as extra state of the art subject matters corresponding to econophysics, quantum gravity, quantum desktops, and gauge theories. The book’s technique is predicated at the concept that philosophy of physics is a type of ‘interpretation video game’ during which we attempt to map actual theories onto our global. however the principles of this video game usually result in a multiplicity of attainable victors: hardly ever can we come upon an easy resolution.

The Philosophy of Physics bargains a hugely obtainable creation to the newest advancements during this interesting box. Written in a full of life kind, with many visible examples, it is going to attract beginner-level scholars in either physics and philosophy.

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Download E-books Verbindung und Affinität: Die Grundlegung der neuzeitlichen Chemie an der Wende vom 17. zum 18. Jahrhundert (Science Networks. Historical Studies) (Volume 14) (German Edition) PDF

Die Entstehung des chemischen Verbindungsbegriffs, ein Fundamentalbegriff der neuzeitlichen Chemie, ist kaum untersucht, weil er für eine blosse Präzisierung des naturphilosophischen Atomkonzepts gehalten wurde. Das Buch widerlegt diese Ansicht als ideengeschichtliches Vorurteil und weist minutiös nach, dass der Verbindungsbegriff als Resultat der begrifflichen Strukturierung des empirischen Wissens entstand, das aus der gewerblichen chemischen Praxis des sixteen. und 17. Jahrhunderts stammte. Damit rekonstruiert die Autorin nicht allein den Beginn der wissenschaftlichen Chemie in einer grundlegend neuen historischen, begrifflichen und methodischen Ordnung. Sie zeigt darüber hinaus, wie diese "chemische Revolution" in den Kontext der wissenschaftlichen Revolution des 17. Jahrhunderts einzuordnen ist, nämlich als die einer "baconischen Wissenschaft" (Kuhn), die das Erfahrungswissen einer neuartigen gewerblichen Praxis ohne Rückgriffsmöglichkeiten auf brauchbare Theorietraditionen in eine wissenschaftliche Theorie überführte. Das Buch ist so zugleich ein substanzieller Beitrag zum Verständnis wissenschaftlicher Revolutionen, der insbesondere zum Überdenken der wissenschaftstheoretischen Annahme einer Theoriedominanz bei der Entstehung und Entwicklung der Wissenschaften nötigt. Es ist deswegen nicht nur für Chemiehistoriker, für die es zum neuen Standardwerk über die Chemie des 17. Jahr- hunderts werden dürfte, von Interesse, sondern ebenso für Wissenschaftshistoriker allgemein sowie für Wissenschaftstheoretiker, Philosophen und Kulturhistoriker.

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Download E-books Arts: A Science Matter (Science Matters (World Scientific)) PDF

By Maria Burguete, Lui Lam

This e-book treats arts as a part of technology, from the unified point of view of technological know-how concerns. It comprises 17 chapters, with 18 participants who're popular humanists, expert artists, or scientists. It comprises 3 elements: half I: Philosophy and heritage of Arts; half II: Arts in motion; half III: knowing Arts. The ebook is aimed toward either learn students and lay humans, and is exclusive in very important points.

it truly is most likely the 1st and basically publication that educational pros and working towards artists give a contribution to an analogous publication, as equals, at the universal subject matter of making and knowing arts. (Artists the following contain Cristina Leiria whose large Kun Iam (Goddess of Mercy) sculpture is a crucial landmark in Macau, and the well-known motion picture director, Hark Tsui, who's publishing his first ever article on movie-making). maybe extra importantly, a brand new realizing of the beginning and nature of paintings is out there for the 1st time, that's extra convincing than all of the different hypotheses positioned forth within the final thousand years.

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Download E-books Jesuit Science and the Republic of Letters (Transformations: Studies in the History of Science and Technology) PDF

Founded in 1540, the Society of Jesus was once seen for hundreds of years as an obstacle to the advance of contemporary technological know-how. The Jesuit academic process was once deemed conservative and antithetical to inventive idea, whereas the Order and its participants have been blamed by way of Galileo, Descartes, and their disciples for almost each continuing opposed to the recent technology. No ask yourself a consensus emerged that little cause existed for historians to take Jesuit technology seriously.Only up to now 20 years have students all started to query this obtained view of the Jesuit function within the clinical Revolution, and this ebook contributes considerably to that reassessment. concentrating on the institutional environment of Jesuit technology, the participants take a brand new and broader examine the final highbrow setting of the Collegio Romano and different Jesuit schools to work out how Jesuit students taught and labored, to envision the context of the Jesuit reaction to the recent philosophies, and to chart the Jesuits' medical contributions. Their conclusions point out that Jesuit practitioners have been certainly instrumental in raising the prestige of arithmetic and in stressing the significance of experimental technological know-how; but, while, the Jesuits have been individuals of a spiritual order with a sincerely outlined apostolic venture. figuring out either the contributions of Jesuit practitioners and the limitations below which they labored is helping us to realize a clearer and extra entire standpoint at the emergence of the clinical worldview.

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Download E-books Life As Surplus: Biotechnology and Capitalism in the Neoliberal Era PDF

Concentrating on the interval among the Seventies and the current, Life as Surplus is a pointed and significant learn of the connection among politics, economics, technological know-how, and cultural values within the usa this present day. Melinda Cooper demonstrates that the historical past of biotechnology can't be understood with no taking into consideration the simultaneous upward push of neoliberalism as a political strength and an financial coverage. From the advance of recombinant DNA know-how within the Seventies to the second one Bush administration's regulations on stem phone study, Cooper connects the utopian polemic of free-market capitalism with turning out to be inner contradictions of the commercialized lifestyles sciences.

The biotech revolution relocated fiscal construction on the genetic, microbial, and mobile point. Taking as her element of departure the belief that lifestyles has been drawn into the circuits of worth construction, Cooper underscores the kinfolk among medical, financial, political, and social practices. In penetrating analyses of Reagan-era technology coverage, the militarization of the existence sciences, HIV politics, pharmaceutical imperialism, tissue engineering, stem telephone technological know-how, and the pro-life circulate, the writer examines the speculative impulses that experience lively the expansion of the bioeconomy.

At the very center of the hot post-industrial financial system is the transformation of organic lifestyles into surplus price. Life as Surplus deals a transparent review of either the transformative, healing dimensions of the modern lifestyles sciences and the violence, legal responsibility, and debt servitude crystallizing round the rising bioeconomy.

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