Download E-books David Hilbert: Grundlagen der Geometrie (Festschrift 1899) (Klassische Texte der Wissenschaft) (German Edition) PDF

Originaltext und historischer und mathematischer Kommentar von Klaus Volkert

David Hilberts „Festschrift“ Grundlagen der Geometrie“ aus dem Jahre 1899 wurde zu einem der einflussreichsten Texte der Mathematikgeschichte. Wie kein anderes Werk prägte es die Mathematik des 20. Jahrhunderts und ist auch heute noch von größtem Interesse.

Aus der Perspektive eines Mathematikhistorikers schildert der Herausgeber die Entwicklung einer Axiomatik der Geometrie, die spätestens mit Euklids „Elemente“ (ca. three hundred v. u. Z.) begann und erst durch Hilbert zu einem vollständigen und handhabbaren method geführt wurde. Nach einer ausführlichen  Erläuterung des Hilbertschen Textes wird seine Rezeption bis 1905 umfassend dargestellt und daran anschließend viele der von ihm ausgehenden weiteren direkten und indirekten Entwicklungen skizziert.

Die Faszination des Textes ist auch dem heutigen Leser direkt zugänglich, da Hilbert´s axiomatischer Ansatz ohne mengentheoretische Argumente oder formale Logik auskommt.

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Download E-books Science in History, Vol. 2: The Scientific and Industrial Revolution PDF

J. D. Bernal's enormous paintings technology in historical past is the 1st full-scale try and research the connection among technology and society all through historical past, from the perfection of the 1st flint hand ax to the development of the hydrogen bomb. This notable research illustrates the impetus given to and the restrictions put upon discovery and invention through pastoral, agricultural, feudal, capitalist, and socialist platforms, and conversely the ways that technology has altered fiscal, social, and political views and practices.This moment quantity makes a speciality of the interval of improvement and the institution of contemporary technological know-how. It starts with paintings of the Renaissance and keeps with a dialogue of the stimulus given to medical develpment by way of rising seventeenth-century capitalism. a last part takes up the commercial revolution and the way within which technological know-how and know-how remodeled the complete nature of human society.

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Download E-books The Force of the Virtual: Deleuze, Science, and Philosophy PDF

Gilles Deleuze as soon as claimed that “modern technology has now not came upon its metaphysics, the metaphysics it needs.” The strength of the Virtual responds to this want through investigating the results of the philosopher’s curiosity in (and attract) “the detailed sciences.” In exploring the not easy dating among the philosophy of Deleuze and technology, the unique essays collected right here research how technological know-how features in appreciate to Deleuze’s strategies of time and area, how technological know-how money owed for approaches of qualitative swap, how technological know-how actively participates within the construction of subjectivity, and the way Deleuze’s considering engages neuroscience.
 
All of the essays paintings via Deleuze’s realizing of the virtual—a strength of qualitative swap that's ontologically fundamental to the precise, measurable family that may be present in and one of the gadgets of technology. by way of adopting this kind of method, this assortment generates major new insights, in particular in regards to the idea of medical legislation, and compels the rethinking of such rules as reproducibility, the cohesion of technological know-how, and the medical observer.
 
Contributors: Manola Antonioli, Collège foreign de Philosophie (Paris); Clark Bailey; Rosi Braidotti, Utrecht U; Manuel DeLanda, U of Pennsylvania; Aden Evens, Dartmouth U; Gregory Flaxman, U of North Carolina; Thomas Kelso; Andrew Murphie, U of latest South Wales; Patricia Pisters, U of Amsterdam; Arkady Plotnitsky, Purdue U; Steven Shaviro, Wayne kingdom U; Arnaud Villani, Première Supérieure au Lycée Masséna de Nice.

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Download E-books Philosophical Essay on Probabilities (Sources in the History of Mathematics and Physical Sciences, Vol. 13) PDF

Pierre-Simon Laplace (1749-1827) is remembered amoung probabilitists at the present time really for his "Theorie analytique des probabilites", released in 1812. The "Essai philosophique dur les probabilites" is his advent for the second one version of this paintings. right here Laplace supplied a favored exposition on his "Theorie". The "Essai", in line with a lecture on likelihood given by way of Laplace in 1794, underwent sweeping adjustments, nearly doubling in measurement, within the numerous variants released in the course of Laplace's lifetime. Translations of assorted versions in numerous languages have apeared through the years. the single English translation of 1902 reads awkwardly this present day. this can be a thorough and glossy translation in accordance with the hot re-issue, with its voluminous notes, of the 5th variation of 1826, with preface by means of Rene Thom and postscript through Bernard Bru. within the moment a part of the e-book, the reader is supplied with an intensive observation by means of the translator together with priceless histographical and mathematical feedback and diverse proofs.

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Download E-books The Pseudoscience Wars: Immanuel Velikovsky and the Birth of the Modern Fringe PDF

By Michael D. Gordin

Properly analyzed, the collective mythological and spiritual writings of humanity display that round 1500 BC, a comet swept perilously with regards to Earth, triggering common average mess ups and perilous the destruction of all lifestyles earlier than settling into sun orbit as Venus, our nearest planetary neighbor.
 
Sound fantastic? good, from 1950 till the past due Seventies, a tremendous variety of humans begged to vary, as they wolfed Immanuel Velikovsky’s significant best-seller, Worlds in Collision, insisting that maybe this polymathic philosopher held the foremost to a brand new technology and a brand new heritage. Scientists, nonetheless, assaulted Velikovsky’s ebook, his fans, and his press mercilessly from the get-go. In The Pseudoscience Wars, Michael D. Gordin resurrects the mostly forgotten determine of Velikovsky and makes use of his unusual profession and strangely influential writings to discover the altering definitions of the road that separates valid clinical inquiry from what's deemed bunk, and to teach how very important this question is still to us this present day. Drawing on a wealth of formerly unpublished fabric from Velikovsky’s own files, Gordin offers a behind-the-scenes historical past of the writer’s occupation, from his preliminary burst of luck via his growing to be effect at the counterculture, heated public battles with such luminaries as Carl Sagan, and eventual eclipse. alongside the best way, he bargains attention-grabbing glimpses into the histories and results of different fringe doctrines, together with creationism, Lysenkoism, parapsychology, and more—all of that have fabulous connections to Velikovsky’s theories.
 
Science at the present time is not often universally safe, and scientists look themselves beset by means of critics, denialists, and people they label “pseudoscientists”—as obvious all too in actual fact in battles over evolution and weather swap. The Pseudoscience Wars simultaneously finds the stunning chilly struggle roots of our modern issue and issues readers to another method of drawing the road among wisdom and nonsense.

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Download E-books The Analogue Alternative: The Electronic Analogue Computer in Britain and the USA, 1930-1975 (Routledge Studies in the History of Science, Technology and Medicine) PDF

We are in the middle of a electronic revolution - till lately, the vast majority of home equipment utilized in way of life were constructed with analogue expertise. Now, both at domestic or out and approximately, we're surrounded by way of electronic know-how reminiscent of digital "film," audio platforms, desktops and telephones.

From the past due Nineteen Forties till the Seventies, analogue know-how used to be a real substitute to electronic, and the 2 competing applied sciences ran parallel with one another. in this interval, a group of engineers, scientists, teachers and businessmen endured to enhance and advertise the analogue computing device. on the peak of the chilly warfare, this group and its know-how met with huge good fortune in assembly the pressing call for for top velocity computing to be used within the layout and simulation of rockets, plane and manned house vehicles.

The Analogue Alternative tracks the improvement, commercialisation and supreme decline of the digital analogue computing device within the united states and Britain. It examines the jobs performed by means of technical, financial and cultural components within the festival among the choice applied sciences, yet extra importantly, James Small demonstrates that non-technical elements, corresponding to the position of "military firm" and the operating practices of analogue engineers, were the main the most important in analogue's dying. This ebook may be of curiosity to scholars of the heritage and sociology of technology and expertise, relatively computing. it's going to even be proper to these drawn to technical switch and innovation, and the learn of medical cultures.

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Download E-books Impossibility: The Limits of Science and the Science of Limits PDF

By John D. Barrow

In Impossibility, John D. Barrow--one of our such a lot dependent and entire technology writers--argues convincingly that there are limits to human discovery, that there are issues which are eventually unknowable, undoable, or unreachable. Barrow first examines the boundaries of the human brain: our mind developed to fulfill the calls for of our instant atmosphere, and masses that lies outdoor this small circle can also lie outdoors our realizing. He investigates functional impossibilities, corresponding to these imposed through complexity, uncomputability, or the finiteness of time, house, and assets. Is the universe finite or countless? Can details be transmitted speedier than the rate of sunshine? The booklet additionally examines deeper theoretical regulations on our skill to understand, together with Godel's theorem, which proved that there have been issues which could no longer be proved. ultimately, having explored the boundaries imposed on us from with out, Barrow considers no matter if there are limits we should always impose upon ourselves. Weaving jointly this interesting tapestry, Barrow illuminates one of the most profound questions of technology, from the potential for time trip to the very constitution of the universe.

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Download E-books Nervous Conditions: Science and the Body Politic in Early Industrial Britain (SUNY Series, Studies in the Long Nineteenth Century) PDF

Fearful stipulations explores the function of the physique within the improvement of recent technology, not easy the parable that smooth technology is outfitted on a bedrock of objectivity and assured empiricism. during this attention-grabbing check out the personal global of British average philosophers together with John Dalton, Lord Kelvin, Charles Babbage, John Herschel, and so on Elizabeth eco-friendly Musselman indicates how the interior workings in their our bodies performed a massive half within the sciences stream to the heart of recent existence, and the way a systematic neighborhood and a kingdom struggled their approach into life.
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Download E-books Organisms, Agency, and Evolution PDF

The significant perception of Darwin's foundation of Species is that evolution is an ecological phenomenon, bobbing up from the actions of organisms within the 'struggle for life'. against this, the fashionable Synthesis conception of evolution, which rose to prominence within the 20th century, provides evolution as a essentially molecular phenomenon, taking place in populations of sub-organismal entities - genes. After approximately a century of good fortune, the fashionable Synthesis thought is now being challenged through empirical advances within the research of organismal improvement and inheritance. during this vital learn, D. M. Walsh indicates that the relevant disorder of the fashionable Synthesis is living in its rejection of Darwin's organismal standpoint, and argues for 'situated Darwinism': another, organism-centred belief of evolution that prioritises organisms as adaptive brokers. His booklet might be of curiosity to students and complicated scholars of evolutionary biology and the philosophy of biology.

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Download E-books 6000 Jahre Mathematik: Eine kulturgeschichtliche Zeitreise - 1. Von den Anfängen bis Leibniz und Newton (Vom Zählstein zum Computer) (German Edition) PDF

By Heiko Wesemüller-Kock

Die Hochkulturen Mesopotamiens und Ägyptens sind die Wiege der Mathematik. Der overseas angesehene Mathematikhistoriker verfolgt die Geschichte mathematischen Denkens vom four. Jahrtausend v. Chr. bis zum 20. Jahrhundert. Er schildert die mathematischen Ideen, Methoden und Ergebnisse ebenso wie die Kulturen, in denen sie sich in Wechselwirkung zur Gesellschaft entwickelten. Band 1 umfasst die Zeit von den Ursprüngen bis zum 17. Jahrhundert. Spannende Lektüre für Mathematiker und alle, die sich für Mathematik als Kulturtechnik interessieren.

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