By Cheng Chen
The fall of communism within the Soviet Union led many to wish and count on that liberal democracy might instantly take root throughout postcommunist states, marking what Francis Fukuyama famously often called the “end of history.” considering then, besides the fact that, a really various photo has emerged, such a lot significantly within the kind of nationalist sentiments that experience urged many postcommunist nations in an intolerant course, even in regimes devoted to industry reforms and officially democratic institutions.
Cheng Chen examines this phenomenon in comparative viewpoint, displaying that the several pathways of nation-building below Leninism affected the nature of Leninist regimes and, later, the differential clients for liberal democracy within the postcommunist period. In China and Russia, Chen exhibits, liberalism and nationalism have been more challenging to reconcile simply because Leninism used to be indigenous and had a extra major effect on nation-building. In Hungary and Romania, in contrast, Leninism used to be a overseas import and had much less of an impact on conventional nationwide identification. As we witness the fight to set up democracy in locations reminiscent of Afghanistan and Iraq, a research that examines the salience of old legacies turns out relatively timely.